Bible Isaiah
Why You Deserve Hell - Luke 11
Book of Isaiah Chapter 20 Sargon of Assyria - Isaiah 20 Isaiah Chapter 1 Ruins of Sodom and Gomorrah Isaiah Chapter 66 The Worms in Hell - Isaiah 66 Book of Isaiah Chapter 30 Hell Testimonies NDE - Isaiah 14 Isaiah Chapter 11 Rebirth of Israel Isaiah Chapter 37 Sennacherib of Assyria

Saul of Gibeah - Isaiah 10
Gibeah is a city that appears in several books of the Bible. It is generally identified with a hill in Jerusalem known as Tell-el-ful. In 1922 and again in 1933 archaeologist W.F Albright began excavations at Tell-el-ful. He discovered traces of an Iron Age village that had been destroyed as well as evidence of a strong fortress. The majority of scholars agree that the Tell-el-ful site is in fact the ancient city of Gibeah.

The city of Gibeah is described in the Bible as the base of operations for King Saul.....“Saul went home to Gibeah” – 1st Samuel 10:26

The city of Gibeah would obviously be a good starting point to find out if there is any physical evidence of the existence of King Saul. I initially did not have much success until I discovered a private collection of ancient Hebrew seals from the city of Keilah. [1]

In the book of Samuel this city is recorded as the place King David fled to in order to hide from Saul who was trying to kill him. “Saul was told that David had gone to the city of Keilah. Then Saul called all the people together for war, to go down to Keilah to besiege David and his men” – 1st Samuel 23:7-10

The ancient city of Keilah has preserved its name in Arabic as Qila (modern day name). The name of this town is also mentioned in the Amarna Letters (Egyptian manuscripts1300 BC)

“The cities of the children of Judah. Keilah” – Joshua 15

“The king, my lord, sent me to make war against Keilah. Yield all of their demands to the men of Keliah, and let us break our alliance with Jerusalem! Troops of Keilah; they took the land of Rubutu; the land of the king went over to the Apiru (Hebrew) people. But now even a town of the land of Jerusalem, Bit-Lahmi by name, a town belonging to the King, has gone over to the side of the people of Keilah” – Amarna Letters [2]

Seal of the King of Gibeah
“ At the turn of the millenium, over one thousand Hebrew bullae (royal seals) were recovered in excavations at the site (Keliah) and found their way to several private collections. The rich assemblage was discovered in a library from the time of Hezekiah, King of Judah. This epigraphic treasure contained many royal seals, including bullae of high officials in the royal court. Over six hundred bullae have been published in the past. The discovery is of prime importance for the study of ancient Israel and its geographical history” [3]

One of the seals contained the following inscription in Hebrew - “Belonging to the King of Gibeah”

King of Gibeah Seal

“Saul of Gibeah” - Isaiah 10
“Saul the King of Israel” – 2 Samuel

End Notes
[1] The Joseph Chaim Kaufman Collection Biblical Period Hebrew Bullae:
[2] The Ancient Near East. An Anthology of Texts and Pictures – James B. Pritchard
[3] New Inscriptions and Seals Relating to the Biblical World – Meir and Edith Lebetski

Book of Isaiah Bible
"He was wounded for our transgressions and he was bruised for our iniquities. The chastisement for our peace was upon him and by his stripes we are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray. We have turned every one to his own way and God has laid on him the iniquity of us all" - Isaiah 53
Book of Isaiah - King James Version
Chapter 1 | Chapter 2 | Chapter 3 | Chapter 4 | Chapter 5 | Chapter 6 | Chapter 7 | Chapter 8 | Chapter 9 | Chapter 10 | Chapter 11 | Chapter 12 | Chapter 13 | Chapter 14 | Chapter 15 | Chapter 16 | Chapter 17 | Chapter 18 | Chapter 19 | Chapter 20 | Chapter 21 | Chapter 22 | Chapter 23 | Chapter 24 | Chapter 25 | Chapter 26 | Chapter 27 | Chapter 28 | Chapter 29 | Chapter 30 | Chapter 31 | Chapter 32 | Chapter 33 | Chapter 34 | Chapter 35 | Chapter 36 | Chapter 37 | Chapter 38 | Chapter 39 | Chapter 40 | Chapter 41| Chapter 42 | Chapter 43 | Chapter 44 | Chapter 45 | Chapter 46 | Chapter 47 | Chapter 48 | Chapter 49 | Chapter 50 | Chapter 51| Chapter 52 | Chapter 53 | Chapter 54 | Chapter 55 | Chapter 56 | Chapter 57 | Chapter 58 | Chapter 59 | Chapter 60 | Chapter 61| Chapter 62 | Chapter 63 | Chapter 64 | Chapter 65 | Chapter 66
King Esarhaddon Bell and Nebo. The Gods of Babylon King Hezekiah Pharaoh Tirhakah Pole Reversal Destruction of the earth. Isaiah 24 Cyrus The Great Philistines Ekron